Pumpkin seeds

Pumpkin seeds

GrainProTrade – Pumpkin seeds wholesale at producer prices

Our company GrainProTrade supplies pumpkin seeds directly from farmers in Kazakhstan and Ukraine on favorable terms. You can safely buy pumpkin seeds from us without worrying about the quality, because all our products are consciously selected by our QM employees in Kazakhstan and Ukraine and thus meet the highest standards, which guarantees the expected quality of the goods. Besides the high standard, the products are sold at an affordable wholesale price. The conditions for the sale of pumpkin seeds can be specified at any time in writing or by telephone with the manager. Our team provides our customers with the in Big Bag Pumpkin seeds ordered packed by truck within 5 working days.

The main advantages of the ZusaWorking with our company:

  • the high level of professionalism of our entire team, which ensures problem-free delivery of quality pumpkin seeds in the shortest possible time;
  • an appropriate price level, since we work directly with producers in Kazakhstan and Ukraine, e.gusamen work;
  • convenient delivery straight to you.

Contact our managers on the website or by phone. We offer high quality pumpkin seeds at an optimal price!

All about pumpkin seeds

Properties of pumpkin seeds

About 2 tablespoons (28 g) of shelled pumpkin seeds contain 125 kcal, 15 g carbohydrate (including 5 g fiber) and 5 g protein, and 5% of your daily iron requirement, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Food Database. In addition, they are a source of magnesium, zinc, copper and selenium.

Pumpkin seeds are a good source of magnesium. 2 tablespoons of these seeds contain 74 mg of this trace element, about a quarter of the daily requirement. Magnesium plays an important role in more than 300 enzymatic reactions in the body, including metabolism and synthesis of fatty acids and proteins, is involved in the transmission of neuromuscular impulses.

Magnesium deficiency is common in the elderly and is associated with insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, coronary artery disease and osteoporosis. It is also important for the formation of bone tissue. According to the results of the study, a high level of magnesium in the body contributes to increasing bone density and can help in postmenopausalen women help to reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

Increasing magnesium intake per 100 mg/day reduces the risk of type II diabetes by approximately 15%. Conversely, a lack of this trace element in the body can disrupt insulin secretion and reduce sensitivity to it. An improvement in lipid profile was seen when using 365 mg of magnesium per day.

In addition to magnesium, pumpkin seeds are rich in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, antioxidants and fiber. This combination provides a number of benefits for maintaining cardiovascular and liver health. Fiber helps reduce blood cholesterol and cardiovascular disease risk. Studies show that omega-3 fatty acids reduce the likelihood of thrombosis and cardiac arrhythmia, which in turn reduces the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke and sudden coronary death.

Pumpkin seeds are a rich source of the amino acid tryptophan, which helps fight chronic insomnia. A study, the results of which were published in the journal Nutritional Neuroscience, found that consuming tryptophan from pumpkin seeds for people with insomnia can help normalize sleep.

It is worth noting that pumpkin seeds are also rich in zinc - a trace element necessary for the normal functioning of the immune system and the prevention of uterine pathologies.


The root system is a rod, well developed, penetrates to a depth of 2-3 m. The lateral roots strongly branch, are located mainly in the arable layer of the soil and reach 4-5 m in length. A characteristic feature of the root system is the presence of a large number of root hairs, which allow an intensive process of absorbing water and nutrients from the soil. If you grow a squash in moist soil or hop on the whips, appendage roots will form, penetrating the soil to a depth of 20 cm.

The stem is creeping, in long-leaved varieties it reaches 15 m in length. Shoots of the first, second and subsequent orders are formed on the main stem. In a large-fruited pumpkin, the stalk is cylindrical, in an ordinary one, it is sharply cut.

The leaves are simple, petiolate, hairy, the large-fruited gourd is weakly lined, the ordinary five-petaled. The squash forms a leaf surface that reaches 32 m on a plant. Branching tendrils form in the axils of the leaves, which cling to other plants and uneven ground increases the stability of the stem.

The squash yields the largest flower among cultivated squash crops, with a large yellow whisk (except for C. okeechobeensis cream flowers) and a large ovary of variable green color.

Anthesis occurs between 4:30 and 4:50 p.m. Differences in shape, size and color of different parts of the flower, such as B. cup, whisk, anther, stalk and ovary are palpable. The cup is always green, but the shape and size differ in different genotypes. The open flowers are 15-20 cm long. The diameter of the opened flower at the distal end varies from 15 to 25 cm. The brightly colored flowers are larger than the stamens.

The five petals are broken at the tips and fused at the base. The calix lobes are narrow (C. pepo) or broad, sometimes leaf-shaped (C. moschata). The petals alternate with sepals, also combined at the base, merging with the lower whisk, forming a bowl-shaped hypantium. Although the three strands are separate, the anthers are more or less combined and produce copious amounts of heavy, sticky pollen. The pillars are usually connected to each other, but they diverge slightly at the attachment points of the scar. Nectar is produced in the disc inside and at the base of hypantium. A unilateral lower ovary has three or five placentas, which corresponds to the number of bilateral scars.

The color of the corolla is yellow, but among genotypes you can notice variations in shades of yellow. Culture is always monoethic, with the axillary stamen and plague flowers on individual nodes of the same plant. Both dust and skull flowers are strictly solitary.

Very few genotypes have a transient trimonoetsilene (ginomonoetsilene) state at the same site under certain climatic conditions, when multiple abnormal, deformed hermaphrodites form on some plants of the genotype. Both stamen and skull flowers tend to develop into abnormal hermaphroditic flowers. The frequency of the transformation of plague flowers into hermaphrodites is quite low. Stamens that develop into hermaphroditic flowers have an excellent ovary—an unusual phenomenon for cucumbers. Variegated flowers that develop into hermaphrodite flowers have a common, inferior ovary. Hermaphrodite flowers formed from dust-speckled or pestle-like flowers never grow into normal, effective fruit.

The fruit is inversely ovate, globose or oblong in shape, smooth or ribbed, with a fibrous, sweet pulp. The size is usually up to 50-70 cm. The sugar content is 4-8%. There is a wide variety of fruit size, shape and color among the varieties cultivated. The flesh is bitter in wild species and most ornamental C. pepo squashes.

Seeds of various sizes, oval, with a clear margin, shiny, white, creamy or dark, up to 3 cm long in C. argyrosperma. The oil content is 36-52%. Weight of 1000 seeds 200-300 g.

The fruits of the wild species have a tough, lignified shell that helps protect the seeds from herbivores. The fruits can remain intact long after the plant has died. After prolonged storage, only the dried peel, stem and seeds remain; These parts of the fruit can persist for centuries, allowing archaeologists and botanists to determine the prehistoric spread and uses of the species. The intact dried fruits are buoyant, allowing the seeds to be dispersed via waterways.

Technology for growing pumpkin

Pumpkin is a heat-loving culture. Seeds begin to germinate when they establish a constant soil temperature at a seed-packing depth of 13°C; The optimal temperature, at which the germination process occurs much faster, is 33-35 °C. The best temperature for growth and development is 20-25 °C.

Like other melons, squash is considered a drought tolerant crop. However, compared to them, it is more moisture-loving. This is due to the development of a powerful assimilation apparatus, evaporating a lot of moisture, as well as the fact that intensive growth is observed in the pumpkin throughout the growing season. The transpiration coefficient is 834. The most favorable soil moisture for a pumpkin is 80% before the formation of the ovary and 70% during the development of the fruit.
Pumpkin is a light-loving culture. The lack of sun exposure as a result of weed shading or thickening reduces assimilation, delays flowering and the formation of female flowers, which ultimately negatively affects the crop and its quality. Pumpkin places increased demands on soil fertility. The best soils for them are black earth, light loam and loam, they grow poorly on soil with high acidity.

Well-drained soils with a high organic content are optimal for squash crops. Sandy or sandy soil is preferable for early production, but pumpkin crops can be grown in different types of soil. Fields with adequate air drainage can avoid frost at the beginning or end of the season, resulting in a longer growing season. Heavy soil with good water holding properties may be preferred in a relatively dry, unclean situation. However, very heavy soils, which are in a wet state for a long time or compacted with large machinery, should be avoided because of the need for sufficient aeration of the soil.

Seed treatment can help prevent flogging as well as other diseases. Seed companies often cover pumpkin seeds with fungicides and adjuvants to improve germination and vigor. Hot water treatment (about 50°C) controls certain seed-borne diseases and also promotes germination of freshly harvested seeds. The seeds of other squash crops are too large to use hot water treatment effectively, as the outer layers may die off before the heat penetrates the interior.

Pumpkin crops are usually planted in the field after the threat of late frosts has passed. Squash, cantaloupe, watermelon, bottle gourd, and loofah require a long growing season. Cucumber, zucchini, and bitter gourd grow quickly in warm weather, taking less than 2 months from seed to harvest of edible, unripe fruit. In California and other long growing season regions, it is possible to grow a dual crop and plant two squash crops in one field for mechanized harvesting. In frost-free tropics, a wax gourd can produce two harvests per year, and mature hayota plants bear fruit year-round.

Monoculture is widespread today. In the past, Native Americans used zucchini e.gusammen planted with corn and beans, and this is still practiced in parts of Latin America. Crossbreeding is also practiced in Africa, where squash zusammen is grown with cassava and sweet potato, while Egusi is grown with grain and sweet potato.

Direct sowing in the field is common. In less mechanized societies, planting is often done via a mound system, when three to ten seeds are hand sown in the same spot and then thinned out to one to three plants per mound. Although home gardeners and other people still plant this way, most major producers in developed countries now sow squash crops with precision tractor seeders that disperse the seeds evenly, eliminating the need for thinning.

In areas with a short season, the season can be extended by sowing seeds in greenhouses and growth chambers and transplanting young plants to the field. The age of the transplanted plants should be 3-4 weeks, and they should not be rooted. Transplanted plants should be rooted in an unseeded environment or in other containers that allow plants to be transplanted without damaging the roots. Using transplants early in the season, especially when there is plastic mulch and row spacing, can speed up maturation and help the farmer to harvest early in the season when prices are usually higher.

The speed of appearance of germination is affected by the depth at which the seeds are sown. Gardeners planting seedlings early in the season sometimes sow seeds at two different depths. The small seedlings germinate first and can be harvested for the early market if the seedlings have not died from late frosts, in which case it can be replaced with deeper seedlings that have appeared after the frost.

Zucchini and some C. pepo squash varieties are typically bushy in shape and are grown at a much closer spacing than curly squash plants. For melon, cucumber and watermelon there are also shrub varieties with short internodes and a compact plant shape. They are grown by home gardeners with limited space, but are rarely grown on commercial farms. Small bush cucumbers (like "Baby Bush") can be placed in rows as close together as possible or every 5 inches.

Pumpkin purging is done in one step before frost. A light frost will not damage ripe fruit and will facilitate harvesting by destroying the whips and exposing the fruit, but prolonged exposure to temperatures below 10°C will damage the fruit. If the fruit can be harvested before much rainfall occurs, its storage life increases.

When harvesting pumpkins on fruit, it is recommended to leave 2-3 cm stems for better shelf life. When harvesting directly in large pallet containers, the length of the stem should be reduced or removed to avoid damage to other fruits.

The ripeness of the pumpkin fruit is determined by the color and density of the skin. In tropical countries, ripe fruits are harvested when the skin loses its luster.

The squash fruits are quite variable in size, shape and color, so it is difficult to get a consistent product from a single harvest. However, sorting for appearance uniformity is important to meet market demands. There are three fixed size categories (small, medium and large) based on the weight of the fruit to realize gourds in the domestic market. Small squashes weigh between 1,4 and 3,2 pounds, medium squash weigh between 3,3 and 5,5 pounds, and large squashes weigh 5,6 pounds or more. Export markets accept fruits of varying sizes, although large fruits weighing 5,6 to 8 kg are preferred. The shape of the fruit can range from round, oval to slightly flat. The color of the shell also varies from green, blue-green to tan. The striped pattern or mottling of the shell also varies, although the stripes are usually white or creamy. The shell can be smooth or wrinkled.

All fruit should be examined for outward signs of ripeness and only ripe squashes should be bagged. The fruit should not have any noticeable spots on the skin. The shell should not be discolored or show superficial mold growth. Fruit should be free of insects or mechanical damage, and any partially decomposed fruit should be rejected. The fruit should have a closed stem end and no cracks to avoid serious rot problems. The flesh should be dense and dark orange, since many pumpkins on the market are sold in sliced ​​form. Randomly selected fruit should be opened occasionally to assess internal color.

Undamaged fruits are suitable for storage. Pumpkins not for immediate sale should be stored in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area. The optimal storage temperature for pumpkins is 10-12 °C and a relative humidity of 70-75%. At this temperature, the fruit can be stored for up to 3 months without significant loss of quality. Storage at ambient temperatures will result in excessive weight loss, loss of surface color intensity and reduced culinary quality. Green-skinned varieties gradually turn yellow at high temperature, and the pulp becomes dry and fibrous. The shelf life of pumpkins at ambient temperatures is limited to several weeks. On the other hand, fruits should not be stored at low temperatures. Pumpkins are sensitive to cold and should never be stored below 10°C.

In warm and dry rooms, the fruits can be stored throughout the winter.

The packaging used to sell the gourd depends on the purpose of the market. Fruits sold to the domestic market and nearest export destinations in the Caribbean are usually packed in mesh bags. The bags usually contain three to seven fruits and their weight is around 23 kg. However, mesh bags practically do not protect against bruises and injuries. The variability in fruit size also creates problems with mesh bag bulging. Smaller squashes destined for more distant export markets should be packed in strong, well-ventilated cartons containing 19kg of fruit. Cartons should have minimal tensile strength and internal dividers should be used to separate and protect the fruit.

Large, wooden bulk containers holding between 360 and 410 kg of fruit can be used for sea transport to export market destinations. Gourds packed in boxes and shipped in sea containers should include an additional 5% by weight to account for moisture and weight loss on breathing that occurs during shipment.

pumpkin seed products

Pumpkin with yellow pulp contains a lot of phosphorus, carotene, phytoncides. The fruit is used to make candied fruit and honey (from juice).

Pumpkin varieties are used for cattle feed and have a milky quality. 100 kg of feed squash correspond to 10 feed units and contain 70 g of digestible protein.

It is used in raw, baked, fried form, you can prepare puree, jam and candied fruits from it. Since ancient times it has been used for medicinal purposes, with high acidity, gastric catarrh, ulcer, inflammation of the colon, constipation, obesity, edema, helminthosis, burns, rashes, insomnia.

Pumpkin seeds contain up to 52% cooking oil.

One of the best forage plants in dry and arid areas. Stored well for up to 1-2 years. 100 kg of pumpkin fruits correspond to 8 to 15 feed units and contain 0,7 to 1,1 kg of digestible protein. 100 kg silage — 15,5 feed units and 1,3 kg protein.

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