pine nuts

pine nuts

GrainProTrade – Pine nuts wholesale at producer prices

Our company GrainProTrade supplies pine nuts directly from the farmers on favorable terms. You can safely buy pine nuts from us without worrying about the quality, as all our products are consciously selected by our QM staff in Central Asia and thus meet the highest standards, which guarantees the expected quality of the goods. Besides the high standard, the products are sold at an affordable wholesale price. The conditions for the sale of pine nuts can be specified at any time in writing or by telephone with the manager. Our team delivers ordered pine nuts to our customers within 5 working days.

The main advantages of the ZusaWorking with our company:

  • the high level of professionalism of our entire team, which ensures a hassle-free delivery of high quality pine nuts in the shortest possible time;
  • an appropriate price level, since we work directly with producers, e.gusamen work;
  • convenient delivery straight to you.

Contact our managers on the website or by phone. We offer high quality pine nuts at an optimal price!

All about pine nuts

Properties of pine nuts

Pine nuts are the common name for the seeds of several species of plants in the genus Pine, called cedar pine, which yield edible seeds. In Russia, the seeds of the Siberian cedar pine (Pinus sibirica) are most commonly referred to as pine nuts.

Pine nuts are small, light yellow grains with a light flavor and are almost always sold shelled. The savory flavor of pine nuts brightens when fried as they begin to release oil. The vast Siberian expanses, where these majestic trees grow today, which can be up to 3 years old, are considered the home of the cedar.

The core of pine nuts contains: fats, lecithin, nitrogenous substances and including proteins, carbohydrates, ash, moisture, glucose, fructose, sucrose, starch, dextrins, pentosans, fiber.

The pine nut also contains macronutrients such as phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium and calcium; Trace elements are iron, manganese, copper, zinc, molybdenum, silicon, aluminum, iodine, boron, nickel, cobalt, lead, strontium, silver. Even the fruit peel of the seeds contains important macro and trace elements such as phosphorus, sulfur, calcium, potassium, iron, manganese and silicon for humans. 100 g of cedar kernels contain such an amount of deficient trace elements that can ensure a person's daily needs of manganese, copper, zinc and cobalt.

14 amino acids are defined in the core protein of cedar seeds, 70% are essential, of which arginine (about 20%) plays an indispensable role in the development of a growing organism. Pine nuts contain almost all the essential amino acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins: A, B, C, D, E, R. The biological value of pine nuts is due to a high content of vitamin B1 and vitamin E.

Consumption of pine nuts makes it possible to balance the "protein hunger" for those who have switched to a vegetarian diet. The vegetable protein of pine nuts is perfectly balanced and in the ZusaComposition close to human tissue proteins and is 99% absorbed by the body. Another factor that determines the high nutritional value of pine nuts is that pine nuts contain almost all the essential amino acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and mineral elements.

As a natural food product, pine nuts have no contraindications for use in food and for medicinal and prophylactic purposes. Pine nut is particularly useful in immunodeficiency states, allergic diseases, atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including peptic ulcer disease and gallstone disease.

Pine nut oil, has high nutritive and healing properties, is easily absorbed by the body. Cedar oil contains a huge amount of vitamins (C, B1, B2, A, E, P, F), essential fatty acids, including polyunsaturated (omega-3) acids, regulates liver and gastrointestinal function, normalizes cholesterol levels in blood; promotes the removal of toxic substances from the body, improves cellular metabolism, bloodusaimposition; has a positive effect on the nervous system; It has a strengthening effect; It stimulates the function of the sex glands; increases physical and mental performance; effective in dysbiosen and beriberitis; useful for growth and development of children's organism.

Valuable dietary and medicinal properties of pine nuts help with high blood pressure and atherosclerosis, have a positive effect on high acidity of gastric juice, gastric and duodenal ulcers, belching and heartburn.
Pine nut shell in crushed state can be used to feed animals. It has an average nutritional value compared to other types of feed, although it contains a lot of fiber, so its digestibility is low.

When the oil is pressed from the core of the pine nuts (by cold pressing), cedar cake is left, which is rich in biologically active substances, trace elements, proteins, vitamins E, A, C, C of group B, contains unsaturated fatty acids and does not contain cholesterol. This is an excellent diet product that, when used, helps normalize metabolism, maintains health and maintains human performance for many years. It is recommended to add it to desserts, creams, fruit and vegetable salads. It adds a subtle taste and flavor to cakes, cakes, ice cream and other confectionery. You can also use it with cottage cheese, granola, honey, etc.

The shell of pine nuts is rich in tannins. Tinctures and decoctions are prepared from it (2-3 tablespoons per glass), which are used in the form of lotions and washes for inflammation of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity and other organs – for skin diseases (lichen, pustular lesions, eczema, etc.), burns. Tincture of pine nut shells was used to treat the gastrointestinal tract. It increases tone, gives strength and restores the normal functioning of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. The decoction of the pine nut shell has an astringent, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, it is recommended to drink in case of gastrointestinal disorders.

The use of pine nuts increases the body's defenses, strengthens the immune system. Pine nuts increase potency in men.


Cedar is a coniferous tree up to 50 m tall with a trunk diameter of 2-3 m. Cedar bark is gray, thin and smooth in young trees, thickens with age and becomes covered with cracks. The root system is easily adaptable and due to the properties of the soil, but often superficial with a large number of accessory processes. An important factor affecting the development of a branched root system is the moss cover.

The needles of the cedar are acicular, triangular to quadrangular, hard with sharp needles in some species (Cedrus libani) and soft in others (Cedrus atlantica). The color ranges from rich green to silver.

The cedar flowers in autumn. The plant is monoecious, male and female spikelets ripen on the branches of one tree. The cedar cones are erect, oblong, bluish, but they turn brown with maturation. The tree starts bearing fruit late, the first cones appear at the age of 20-25 years. The bump matures for 2-3 years, the seed material decays in autumn and winter. Do not confuse the cedar (Cedrus) with the so-called cedar pine — a conditional name uniting several species of the genus Pine (Pinus).

These include: Siberian pine, European, Estonian, Korean. The seeds of these trees are used for food and are called "pine nuts". From a botanical point of view, however, this is not a nut and not a cedar fruit, it would be correct to call the product «pine seed». The fruits of plants of the genus cedar are inedible.

The average lifespan of cedar is 1000 years or more. The oldest cedar grows on the Japanese island of Yakushima, its age, according to various sources, is 3-7 thousand years old. The growth rate of the tree changes as it ages.

At the beginning of life it grows rapidly, in adulthood it is moderate, adding 20-30 cm per year.

The genus Cedrus contains 4 species: Himalayan cedar (C. deodara), Lebanese (C. libani), Atlas (C. atlantica), short or Cypriot (C. brevifolia). "Cedar" is often called trees not relevant to this genus. For example, Siberian cedar is a Siberian pine (Pinus sibirica). Caucasian cedar is sometimes called C. deodara, and Karelian are various conifers that grow in the Karelian forests.

Cedars grow in eastern and southern regions, preferring mountainous areas. Cedars grow well in leaky, lime-poor soil. In nature, they are found in mixed forests of spruce, fir, pine, and in cedar — pure cedar forests. In culture, they are popular in park plantings. The tree prefers a warm climate - in Siberia, both in the west and in the east, and in Karelia, it has no roots due to frost.

The Siberian cedar is characterized by a thick, often multi-crown with thick branches. The trunk is slender, branching above human growth, covered with a brown-red or grayish bark in small cracks, at the top it is brown-yellow, plated. The branch is swirled. Last year's shoots are brown, covered with long red hairs.The bark is thin, which makes the cedar sensitive to mechanical damage (including crushed when harvesting seeds), facilitates the penetration of fungal infections and fires into the trunk. The needles are long, soft, triangular, with 5 needles in a bunch, stick to the branches of 10-11 years instead of 6-7 years in the western part of the cedar area. The structure of the needles helps the tree to evaporate the slightest amount of moisture.

The needles are dark green with a bluish bloom, 6-14 centimeters long, soft, triangular in section, slightly jagged, grow in bunches with five needles in a bunch.

The root system consists of a short core root, from which the lateral roots turn away. The latter end with small root hairs, at the ends of which mycorrhiza develop. On well-drained, particularly light, mechanical soils with a short core root (up to 40-50 centimetres), cedars develop powerful anchoring roots that penetrate to a depth of 2-3 metres. The anchor roots zusammen with the root paws ensure the stability of a strong trunk and crown.

The cedar growing season is very short (40-45 days a year).

Siberian cedar is a monoecious, separate plant, that is, male and female cones are on the same tree. The plant is anemophilous. Pollination takes place with the help of the wind. Male spikelets are collected at the base of the shoot (the growth of the current year), female cones are formed at the ends of the growth shoots when the last ones stop growing near the apical kidney. Anthers on their axis bear microsporophiles that are larger at the base than at the top. On the axis of the female cones there are covering scales. In their sinuses are sperm scales with two sperm cells. The seed scales at the base of the cones are also larger than those at the top.

The cones are large, elongated, ovate, first purple and then brown, 5-8 centimeters wide and up to 13 centimeters long. The cones mature for 14-15 months. Each bump contains 30 to 150 nuts (cedar seeds). The seeds are large, without wings. Cedar begins to bear fruit after an average of 60 years, sometimes later. From one tree you can get up to 12 kilograms of pure nuts.

pine nut products

The economic importance of cedar forests lies primarily in the harvesting of pine nuts used for food, medicinal, and perfume and cosmetic purposes. Cedar seeds (nuts) are known not only in Siberia, but also far beyond. They represent great food value, contain premium oil (up to 79,5%) replacing Provençal and almond oil. Cedar oil is transparent, straw yellow in color, has a pleasant smell and has excellent technical properties: it is used in microscopic technology, as well as in the manufacture of certain medicines.

Pine nut cakes are used to make the best varieties of halva and other confectionery. In their nutritional properties, butter cakes are superior to meat, vegetables, bread. From the core of pine nuts you can make «plant cream», which is recommended in the diet for weakened and sick children.

The population of the Urals and Siberia has long known about the healing properties of Siberian cedar and used not only seeds, but also needles and the shell of its nuts as medicines. Pine nut shell contains tannins and can be used to get a brown color.

For every ton of nuts extracted, there are two tons of cone scales from which tanides, critters, and dyes can be extracted.

Siberian cedar resin, popularly known as a living being because of its ability to heal wounds, also has great healing powers. Residents of Siberia and the Urals have long discovered the healing properties of living things and harvested them for medicinal purposes. Today, cedar resin is used to make turpentine and rosin. The healing properties of cedar needles are well known. It contains many biologically active substances that have a healing and stimulating effect. Siberian cedar needles are rich in ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and carotene. Vitamin drinks and baths for rheumatism are made from the needles.

Industrial harvesting of cedar wood is not carried out. Cedarwood with a yellowish-white sapwood and a reddish-yellow core, light, sturdy, with characteristic aroma and beautiful texture, well cut, processed and polished, good material for carpentry and finishing, for making pencil cases and various crafts ( chests, caskets, veneer, etc.). Cedar wood also has good resonance properties and is used to make musical instruments. In addition, cedar wood has disinfecting properties and releases essential oils into the air, making it an invaluable asset in interior design.

Of all conifers, Siberian cedar is the most smoke-resistant tree and can be grown for landscaping in large industrial cities.

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