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The harvest of winter cereals in Spain will fall by 21% this year

The ASAJA cereal sector analyzed the preliminary campaign data at a meeting in Madrid and estimated that the harvest of winter cereals this year increased by 21%, or 4,1 million Tonnen will decrease less compared to the official data from the previous year. 15,5 million tons, which is far from the 21 to 23 million announced by the government.

The high temperatures and lack of rain in May have put an end to optimistic expectations of high harvests, which is particularly worrying for a grain-scarce country like Spain given the current international context of commodity shortages.

The Grains are expected to be 5,3 million tons Soft wheat, 600.000 tons Durum wheat, 7,6 million tons Barley, 1 million tons Oats, 300.000 tons Rye and 600.000 tons Triticale produce, according to ASAJA's calculations.

The main problems faced by Spanish farmers during this campaign were not only the vagaries of the weather, but also the high production costs due to rising prices for energy, seeds, fertilizers and crop protection products. All this increased production costs to unprecedented levels. Even the option, which was exceptionally open this year for the cultivation of crops on fallow land, did not give the expected response, since the resources did not encourage activation of farmers to enter arable land in circulation.

In addition to the damage caused by heat and rain, the high cost of sowing, wild animals (rabbits, deer, wild boar) came to the fields, and even pigeons attacked the plants, after which the farmers simply threw away the fields without investing in sowing .

The next problem is the growth of pests and diseases of winter crops, which cannot be combated due to the withdrawal of active substances from agrochemicals and the ban on controlled stubble burning. For this reason, ASAJA declares that there is an urgent need to approve an emergency measure for the issuance of permits for the protection of plants.

The association for Grains has warned both national and European authorities that Spain needs more than 36 million tons of grain annually to meet the needs of consumers (human and animal) and therefore requires a strong commitment and sufficient economic resources to import grain, especially when you take into account the current international situation on the markets.

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